By Nikolaus P. Himmelmann & John U. Wolff
Ratahan is an endangered Austronesian language spoken within the district of Ratahan, province of North Sulawesi, Indonesia. it truly is envisioned that now in simple terms 500 solid audio system of Ratahan are left, typically over 60 years of age, and some thousand semi-speakers. Ratahan is found in the course of the Minahasa zone yet belongs to the Sangiric subgroup, spoken at a long way to the north of Ratahan, of which so far just one language (Sangirese) has been documented in a few element. Typologically, Ratahan resembles the languages of the Philippines, and the verbal morphology exhibits a few of the similar different types as, for instance, the Tagalog verbs. a lot of the Ratahan affixational morphology is obviously cognate with affixes in Philippine languages. in regards to noun word marking, pronominal clitics, and note order, despite the fact that, there are powerful transformations from the Philippine languages. additionally, a method of markers for spatial deixis exists that is way more complicated than that mostly present in Austronesian languages. the amount comprises an overview of the phonology and the fundamental morphosyntax, a a bit extra complex dialogue of the verbal morphology and of the approach of spatial orientation marking, a pattern textual content, and a map of the language region. The research is predicated on a number of hours of recorded spontaneous speech. The introductory bankruptcy discusses the current country of the language and a few simple strategies in documenting a language. there's additionally an Indonesian precis, and the examples and the textual content are glossed in either Indonesian and English. The Indonesian has been extra to make the fabrics available to the contributors of the Ratahan neighborhood, all of whom are literate in Indonesian.