By Kay Bailey Hutchison
So long as there was an the USA, the indomitable spirit of yank ladies has formed either the country's historical past and society. whatever the time and position those girls have been born every one excelled in her respective box, making it more uncomplicated for the subsequent iteration. this is often what makes them heroines.
In American Heroines, Kay Bailey Hutchison provides woman pioneers in fields as assorted as executive, company, schooling and healthcare, who overcame the resistance and prejudice in their instances and complete issues that no woman–and occasionally no guy –– had performed prior to. Hutchison, a pioneer in her personal correct, grew to become the 1st lady elected to the us Senate from the nation of Texas.
Interspersed with the tales of America's old woman leaders are tales of today's girls whose successes are truly associated with these predecessors. could Sally trip were given the opportunity to orbit the earth had Amelia Earhart no longer flown solo around the Atlantic Ocean fifty years prior to? Had Clara Barton now not nursed wounded infantrymen on Civil battle battlefields, reduction would possibly not have reached the hundreds of thousands it did whereas the crimson move used to be within the fingers of ladies like Elizabeth Dole and Bernadine Healy. Had Oveta Culp pastime no longer been appointed the 1st Secretary of the dept of future health and schooling by means of President Eisenhower, the rustic can have been disadvantaged of such leaders as Secretary of nation Madeline Albright and nationwide protection consultant Condoleeza Rice.
As a tender lady, Senator Hutchison dreamed of an the United States the place the qualifier "the first woman" had turn into out of date. The profiles contained in American Heroines, illustrate how her dream is coming actual, one brave step at a time.
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Extra info for American Heroines: The Spirited Women Who Shaped Our Country
Noting that “women’s risks have not increased relative to men’s as their daily activities have become more similar” (210), Gartner reports that female victimization rates are lower than male rates in every category of victim-offender relationships except for intimate-partner killings, where women are four times more likely to be the victims (201). According to Gartner, the gender gap in offending is much greater than the gap in victimization: women account for 13% of homicide suspects, and their rate of offending is one seventh the male rate.
Violence as a Symptom of Trauma The question of whether violence is acquired or innate (that is, biologically inborn, or a genetically predisposed behaviour as Darwin believed) thus remains hotly debated. The role of trauma perhaps bridges this divide. Whitmer sees violence as a symptom of trauma, and trauma as the problem in the violence mythos: “The tentacles of the violence mythos are varied discourses that radiate from a central cultural belief in innate violence that masks unresolved trauma” (236–7).
She makes interesting observations about the differences between “good girls” and “bad girls” both in male-female gangs and in all-girl gangs. In her Men, Women, and Aggression, Campbell makes further important observations. Many young girls join gangs in order to overcome fear and Conceptualizing and Contextualizing Violence and Gender 37 loneliness in their families, communities, and schools, in the hopes that a reputation for violence will ward off opponents. The use of aggression, therefore, becomes a tool for distancing from some and finding intimacy with others: “The girls’ gang offers solutions to two fundamental needs: acceptance and safety.