By Jeffrey B. Graham (Editor)
Air respiring Fishes: Evolution, variety, and variation is exclusive in its assurance of the evolution of air-breathing, incongruously since it focuses completely on fish. this significant and interesting publication, containing 9 chapters that current the existence background, ecology, and body structure of many air-breathing fishes, presents a very good evaluate of air-breathing biology.Each bankruptcy presents a old history, info the current prestige of information within the box, and defines the questions desiring awareness in destiny examine. completely referenced, containing greater than 1,000 citations, and good documented with figures and tables, Air-Breathing Fishes is complete in its assurance and may definitely have vast allure. Researchers in vertebrate biology, paleontology, ichthyology, vertebrate evolution, ordinary historical past, comparative body structure, anatomy and lots of different fields will locate whatever new and fascinating in Air-Breathing Fishes. Key beneficial properties* deals an entire assessment of an enormous and immensely fascinating zone of study* presents a standpoint of air-breathing fish that spans three hundred million years of vertebrate evolution* includes quite a few illustrations in addition to entire charts* presents a synoptic therapy of all of the recognized air-breathing species with vital information on their morphological and physiological diversifications
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Additional resources for Air-Breathing Fishes: Evolution, Diversity, and Adaptation Animals Pets
Olson suggested that the redistribution of cardiac output to gills with more occluded surfaces was the likely mechanism used by Amia to minimize 02 loss to hypoxic water. , 1993). , 1991). , 1994) documented two types of air breathing in Amia. The type I breath, which features both inhalation and exhalation, is the normal pattern. Type II breaths, characterized by inhalation without exhalation, serve to refill the gas bladder and preserve buoyancy (Chapters 3 and 6). Subdivision Teleostei Teleosts are the largest and most specialized assemblage of the bony fishes.
1982a; Chapter 3). Clarias is known to make nocturnal terrestrial excursions. According to Smith (1945), C. lazera crawls across land to search for better living or feeding conditions or perhaps to escape enemies. Vaillant (1895) reported that this fish left water at night to feed on millet, and Inger (1957) found a preserved fish in the Chicago Natural History Museum that had its stomach filled with a similar grain. Species of Clarias are also able to survive exposure in mud and can burrow into moist, sandy substrates to await the return of the rains (Day, 1877; Das, 1927; Donnelly, 1973, 1978).
Many of these have taken up life in swift streams where they burrow in rubble. Others burrow into mud and have vestigial eyes, while some have radiated into open lakes where they live at considerable depth. Another genus that has undergone changes in ABO structure is Dinotopterus, a group of 13 species with close affinities to C. 4). Species of Dinotopterus occur in both Lakes Malawi and Tanganyika where they have radiated into the 36 2. Diversityand Natural History open waters and depths (to 70 m) and adopted feeding habits ranging from planktivory to piscivory.