Afrofuturism: The World of Black Sci-Fi and Fantasy Culture by Ytasha L. Womack

By Ytasha L. Womack

Comprising components of the avant-garde, technological know-how fiction, state of the art hip-hop, black comix, and photo novels, Afrofuturism spans either underground and mainstream popular culture. With a twofold goal to entertain and enlighten, Afrofuturists attempt to collapse racial, ethnic, and all social barriers to empower and loose participants to be themselves. This booklet introduces readers to the burgeoning artists growing Afrofuturist works, the historical past of innovators long ago, and the wide variety of matters they discover. From the sci-fi literature of Samuel Delany, Octavia Butler, and NK Jemisin to the musical cosmos of sunlight Ra, George Clinton, and the Black Eyed Peas' will.i.am, to the visible and multimedia artists encouraged via African Dogon myths and Egyptian deities, themes diversity from the "alien" adventure of blacks in the United States to the "wake up" cry that peppers sci-fi literature, sermons, and activism. Interviews with rappers, composers, musicians, singers, authors, comedian illustrators, painters, and DJs, in addition to Afrofuturist professors, offer a firsthand examine this interesting stream.

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2002). g. cdsrn. , 2005), Japan (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 28 (3), 2008), Israel/Palestine (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 27 (3), 2007; Women’s Asia, 21; Voices from Japan, 22, April 2009), Germany (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 26 (2), 2006), Russia (Phillips, 2009). Meekosha’s (2004) work in Australia combines Anglocentric social model analyses of class with North American cultural studies of colonial settler communities but finds neither suitable for explaining disability in indigenous Australian Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders communities.

G. cdsrn. , 2005), Japan (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 28 (3), 2008), Israel/Palestine (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 27 (3), 2007; Women’s Asia, 21; Voices from Japan, 22, April 2009), Germany (Disability Studies Quarterly, Special Issue, 26 (2), 2006), Russia (Phillips, 2009). Meekosha’s (2004) work in Australia combines Anglocentric social model analyses of class with North American cultural studies of colonial settler communities but finds neither suitable for explaining disability in indigenous Australian Aboriginal people and Torres Strait Islanders communities.

Meekosha (2004) fills the silence identified by Ghai (2006). Disabled women are more likely to be poor than disabled men; are less likely to have access to rehabilitation and employment; are more likely to experience public space as threatening; are more likely to live in the parental home and experience sexual abuse. Higher levels of depression are found in disabled women than men (Olkin, 2008), women are more likely to remain in abusive (often heterosexual) relationships due to a reliance on partners for personal assistance and financial support, combined with concerns about losing custody of their children (to their non-disabled partners) (see also Olkin, 2003).

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