A Union Woman in Civil War Kentucky: The Diary of Frances by Frances Peter, John Smith Ph.D., William Cooper Jr.

By Frances Peter, John Smith Ph.D., William Cooper Jr.

Frances Peter was once one of many 11 childrens of Dr. Robert Peter, a healthcare professional for the Union military. The Peter kin lived on Gratz Park close to downtown Lexington, the place nineteen-year-old Frances started recording her impressions of the Civil conflict. due to ailment, she didn't frequently enterprise open air her domestic yet was once in a position to assemble a impressive quantity of knowledge from associates, buddies, and newspapers. Peter's candid diary chronicles Kentucky's invasion through Confederates below Gen. Braxton Bragg in 1862, Lexington's month-long profession via Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, and adjustments in angle one of the slave inhabitants following the Emancipation Proclamation. As troops from either North and South took turns preserving the town, she again and again emphasised the rightness of the Union reason and minced no phrases in expressing her disdain for the hated ""secesh."" Her writings articulate many matters universal to Kentucky Unionists. notwithstanding she used to be an ardent supporter of the struggle opposed to the Confederacy, Peter additionally nervous that Lincoln's use of authority passed his constitutional rights. Her personal attitudes in the direction of blacks have been ambiguous, as used to be the case with many of us in that point. Peter's descriptions of day-by-day occasions in an occupied urban offer helpful insights and a special female viewpoint on an underappreciated element of the warfare. till her demise by way of epileptic seizure in August 1864, Peter carefully recorded the location and deportment of either Union and accomplice infantrymen, incidents on the army hospitals, and tales from the geographical region. Her account of a torn and divided sector is a window to the warfare in the course of the gaze of a tender girl of intelligence and substance.

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Morrison Hall, the columned building, was designed by Gideon Shryock, who rented the Stark house on the corner of Market and Mechanic Streets during the hall's construction (1831-33). The Stark house later became the longtime home of the Peter family. (Transylvania University Photographic Archives) (Below} Completed in 1840 with funds from the Lexington City Council, this building served the medical department until its demise ca. 1856. Transylvania High School was housed here in 1862 until it became a Union hospital following the battle of Perryville.

Mrs. Morgan was the mother of six sons and two daughters. P. Hill and Basil W. Duke) served in the Confederate army. , and Hill were killed during the Civil War. , and Frank Key, along with Duke, were all wounded. Basil Duke, History ofMorgan's Cavalry (Cincinnati: Miami Printing and Publishing, 1867), 18. The Louisville Courier-Journal, September 9, 1891, contains an obituary of Mrs. Morgan. TuESDAY jAN 21sT 1862 ... Another arrest was made today by Mundy's men. Dr. Steele1 and Will Dudley Jr.

S. Congress, 1851 to 1853. General Ward was the Union commander at Lexington at the time of Morgan's first raid into the state in July 1862. See Duke, History of Morgan's Cavalry, 193. 2. Mrs. Richard A. (Eleanor) Curd was a sister ofMrs. Henrietta Morgan. See James A. Ramage,]ohn Wesley Hunt (Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky, 1974), 94. Also see Mrs. James B. Clay to James B. Clay, July 9, 1863, Hunt-Morgan Papers, Division of Special Collections and Archives, University of Kentucky Library.

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