By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been all for the concept the complex welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The middle proposal is that the transition from an commercial to a postindustrial surroundings has introduced with it a complete new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense structures. a brand new Social query? analyzes that query intensive, with specific realization to the matter of source of revenue safeguard and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. will probably be worthwhile interpreting for somebody attracted to figuring out the way forward for eu social coverage.
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Extra resources for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era (Changing Welfare States Series)
And the differences between the average net earned income of the low-skilled and the high-skilled have – insofar as our information is reliable – remained stable, if we compare 1976 to 1997 that is. It is therefore not surprising that we find little indication of a substantial increase in earned income inequality at the household level. 11, which shows the increase in the combined earned income of couples (we have only taken into account the 25- to 45-year-olds in order to control in a rudimentary way for age).
Indd 32 8-12-2006 15:12:43 First, there is substantial cross-country variation in the extent of pretransfer/pre-tax poverty, but the differences between the countries included in the table are not as big as the more pronounced differences if it comes to their actual poverty rates. Sweden and the United States, for example, could not be further away from each other in terms of their actual poverty rates, but their pre-tax and transfer poverty rates are only a few percentage points apart. This holds less true, it must be said, for working-age households, the population segment we are most concerned with here.
In the early 1970s, Belgian industry was, for that matter, even more antiquated than the industries of other countries, at least according to Cassiers, De Villé and Solar (1996). Many essentially unproductive low-skilled jobs in industry and elsewhere that had until then survived thanks to historically high levels of economic growth were destroyed in a very short period of time. And all this happened at a time when great numbers of youngsters and women were entering the labour market. A substantial rise in the supply of labour coincided with a massive drop in the demand for labour, and this amid many a mismatch – industry workers were not fit for service jobs, male breadwinner jobs were often not appropriate for women entering the labour market.