A Critical Dictionary of Sociology by Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

By Raymond Boudon, Francois Bourricaud

Unlike so much different sociology or social technological know-how dictionaries, during this translation of the Critical Dictionary of Sociology, taken from the second one French version of the Dictionary and edited via the English sociologist Peter Hamilton, the serious worth of this unique paintings is ultimately made on hand for a much wider audience.

Each access grapples at once with a topic, even if theoretical, epistemological, philosophical, political or empirical, and gives a robust assertion of what the authors give it some thought. The discussions are thought of yet argumentative.  by means of reaffirming non-marxist type of critique remains to be attainable, Boudon and Bourricaud have offered a particular method of the major matters which confront the societies of the 20 th and Twenty-First centuries.

For a few this paintings might be a textbook, for others an vital sourcebook of sociological recommendations, and for many a manner of commencing our eyes to new dimensions in our realizing of the nice principles and theories of sociology.

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On the contrary here, the collective effect has an ‘emergent’ character in relation to preferences. Actors simply want ‘not to be in a minority’ in their environment. From the moment they all have this preference, the result is—with a strong probability—a collective effect which goes much beyond those preferences and is a caricature of them. Here, the aggregation provokes an ‘overshooting’ effect, way beyond the aim. This explanation mode is of crucial importance in sociology. Many reproduction effects (cf.

The range of semi-organized groups naturally includes numerous forms which are distinguished from each other by the nature of the relationship between latent groups and their ‘representative’ organizations. Thus, the French Communist Party (PCF) does not represent the French working class in the same sense as the French Parlément represents the citizens of the French State, because many of those who vote for the PCF are not workers and many workers do not recognize the PCF as their ‘natural’ party.

A frequently used expedient to increase size of membership and the number of activists is the creation of a discreet but effective party ‘machine’ enabling the distribution of individual benefits in return for party loyalty. A third illustrative case is provided by the situation where collective action is facilitated by an asymmetry between the interests and resources of participants. Let us consider the example of a latent group where one member has much greater influence than the others. It may be in his interests to take on all the costs of collective action.

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