50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Environment and Resources Commission on Geosciences, Ocean Studies Board

This publication describes the advance of ocean sciences during the last 50 years, highlighting the contributions of the nationwide technology starting place (NSF) to the field's growth. a few of the people who participated within the fascinating discoveries in organic oceanography, chemical oceanography, actual oceanography, and marine geology and geophysics describe within the booklet how the discoveries have been made attainable by way of combos of insightful participants, new expertise, and often times, serendipity.

as well as describing the development of ocean technological know-how, the publication examines the institutional constructions and know-how that made the advances attainable and provides visions of the field's destiny. This ebook is the first-ever documentation of the heritage of NSF’s department of Ocean Sciences, how the constitution of the department developed to its current shape, and the people who were liable for ocean sciences at NSF as “rotators†and occupation employees over the last 50 years.

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Extra info for 50 Years of Ocean Discovery: National Science Foundation 1950-2000

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Many of these achievements were enabled, in part, by scientists' having the technical capabilities and other means to collect samples, run experiments, and make appropriate observations. The NSF, primarily through the Ocean Sciences Division (OCE), addresses the provision and development of technology for conducting ocean research in three ways: (1) by supporting a variety of shared-use facilities and technical services, (2) by developing techniques and instruments through the disciplinary research programs, and (3) through establishment of a unique technology development program that supports development of new capabilities for the overall ocean science community.

S. S. participation was excluded. In 1984, on hearing the final cost estimates and with the Reagan Administration now at the helm, many industrial participants withdrew from the project, which then collapsed. About $16 million had been spent, nearly all on administrative expenses and engineering studies. No steel was cut, no holes were drilled. During the OMD effort, a search had been made for a suitable drill ship for the riser program. The daily costs for commercial vessels of this class were prohibitively high, and planners then turned to the famous Glomar Explorer, the ship that the Central Intelligence Agency had commissioned to recover the coding device from a Soviet submarine that sank in deep water northwest of the Hawaiian Islands.

COMPOST-II Committee on Post-2003 Scientific Ocean Drilling issued a report in 1996 endorsing a two-ship program. The active scientific community is busy writing proposals to be discussed at a planned international conference in 1999. Urgent messages are in the air that we should all be demonstrating support for and submitting proposals for work in an Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) to follow ODP, and using two ships, riser and nonriser. We appear still to lack concordance on major new scientific initiatives, initiatives of the scope and imagination of the original Mohole project, initiatives that can capture the attention of large segments of not only the scientific community but the public and Congress as well.

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