3000 Years of Urban Growth by Tertius Chandler

By Tertius Chandler

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24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Cities of the Americas over 20 000 800 1000 MIXTECS Tilantongo MIXTECS Tilantongo TOLTECS Tula Xochicalco Cholula Calixtlahuaca TOLTECS Tula Cholula Xochicalco Azcapotzalco ZAPOTECS Monte Alban MAYAS Chichén-Itza Uxmal MAYAS Copân Tikal Dzibalchaltun Piedras Negras Chichén-Itza 49 000 PERUVIAN STATES Tiahuanaco Chincha Vilcashuaman PERU Tiahuanaco Vilcashuaman Vinaque Tumbez 20 000 1300 1200 NORTHERN Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Azcapotzalco MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapàn Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco QUITO Quito NORTHERN Cahokia Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Texcoco Azcapotzalco CAPOTECS Mitla MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapän Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tiimbez CHIMOR Chanchan Moche CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco Cities of the Americas 1500 1400 NORTHERN Cahokia CHICHIMECS Texcoco Cholula Tenochtitlân Azcapotzalco TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila QUICHES Utatlân MAYAS Mayapân Ticoh Mani Chakanputun QUITO Riobamba TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla Rimac CHUQUIMANCU Chuquimancu CHINCHA Chincha INC AS Cuzco Pachacamac 70 000 25 000 40 000 40 000 NORTHERN Chillicothe AZTECS Tenochtitlân (Mexico City) Texcoco Tlaxcala Cholula TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila (Oaxaca) CAKCHIQUELS Utatlân Iximché MAYAS Ticoh Mani Chakanputun CHIBCHAS Bogota INCAS Cuzco Chanchân Quito Huânuco Pachacamac Cajamarquilla Huarcu Tumbez 80 000 60 40 36 40 000 60 000 24 25 000 22 20 45 000 40 30 25 25 1700 1600 SPANISH Potosi Mexico City Cuzco Puebla Guatemala City Tlaxcala Huancavelica 35 148 000 75 30 25 25 20 20 SPANISH Mexico City Potosi Oruro Puebla Lima Cuzco Zacatecas Quito Guatemala City Havana Huamanga Mérida PORTUGUESE Pernambuco Bahia Rio de Janeiro 100 000 95 72 63 37 35 30 30 30 25 25 20 24 000 24 20 Cities of the Americas 36 1750 BRITISH Boston Philadelphia SPANISH Mexico City Puebla Zacatecas Q j Z C0 Lima Potosi Oruro Guatemala City Havana Quito Guanajuato Arequipa Huamanga Mérida Oaxaca Guayaquil Guadalajara Cochabamba PORTUGUESE Ouro Pre to Bahia Mariana Pernambuco Rio de Janeiro 1800 20 000 20 UNITED STATES Philadelphia New York n 110 000 53 40 40 40 39 35 34 34 30 30 26 26 24 20 20 20 20 60 000 53 36 35 29 Baltimore SPANISH Mexico City Guanajuato Puebla Havana Lima Buenos Aires Cuzco Zacatecas Guadalajara Caracas Mérida Arequipa Oaxaca Guatemala City Huamanga Cochabamba La Paz Bogota Santiago PORTUGUESE Bahia Rio de Janeiro Pernambuco Ouro Preto ENGLISH Kingston 68 000 63 B o s t o 5 26 128 000 65 65 60 54 40 34 33 31 30 30 26 25 25 25 22 22 21 21 75 000 44 40 23 27 000 1850 over 40 000-with suburbs CANADA Montreal Quebec UNITED STATES New York Philadelphia Boston Baltimore New Orleans Cincinnati St.

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Cities of the Americas over 20 000 800 1000 MIXTECS Tilantongo MIXTECS Tilantongo TOLTECS Tula Xochicalco Cholula Calixtlahuaca TOLTECS Tula Cholula Xochicalco Azcapotzalco ZAPOTECS Monte Alban MAYAS Chichén-Itza Uxmal MAYAS Copân Tikal Dzibalchaltun Piedras Negras Chichén-Itza 49 000 PERUVIAN STATES Tiahuanaco Chincha Vilcashuaman PERU Tiahuanaco Vilcashuaman Vinaque Tumbez 20 000 1300 1200 NORTHERN Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Azcapotzalco MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapàn Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco QUITO Quito NORTHERN Cahokia Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Texcoco Azcapotzalco CAPOTECS Mitla MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapän Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tiimbez CHIMOR Chanchan Moche CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco Cities of the Americas 1500 1400 NORTHERN Cahokia CHICHIMECS Texcoco Cholula Tenochtitlân Azcapotzalco TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila QUICHES Utatlân MAYAS Mayapân Ticoh Mani Chakanputun QUITO Riobamba TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla Rimac CHUQUIMANCU Chuquimancu CHINCHA Chincha INC AS Cuzco Pachacamac 70 000 25 000 40 000 40 000 NORTHERN Chillicothe AZTECS Tenochtitlân (Mexico City) Texcoco Tlaxcala Cholula TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila (Oaxaca) CAKCHIQUELS Utatlân Iximché MAYAS Ticoh Mani Chakanputun CHIBCHAS Bogota INCAS Cuzco Chanchân Quito Huânuco Pachacamac Cajamarquilla Huarcu Tumbez 80 000 60 40 36 40 000 60 000 24 25 000 22 20 45 000 40 30 25 25 1700 1600 SPANISH Potosi Mexico City Cuzco Puebla Guatemala City Tlaxcala Huancavelica 35 148 000 75 30 25 25 20 20 SPANISH Mexico City Potosi Oruro Puebla Lima Cuzco Zacatecas Quito Guatemala City Havana Huamanga Mérida PORTUGUESE Pernambuco Bahia Rio de Janeiro 100 000 95 72 63 37 35 30 30 30 25 25 20 24 000 24 20 Cities of the Americas 36 1750 BRITISH Boston Philadelphia SPANISH Mexico City Puebla Zacatecas Q j Z C0 Lima Potosi Oruro Guatemala City Havana Quito Guanajuato Arequipa Huamanga Mérida Oaxaca Guayaquil Guadalajara Cochabamba PORTUGUESE Ouro Pre to Bahia Mariana Pernambuco Rio de Janeiro 1800 20 000 20 UNITED STATES Philadelphia New York n 110 000 53 40 40 40 39 35 34 34 30 30 26 26 24 20 20 20 20 60 000 53 36 35 29 Baltimore SPANISH Mexico City Guanajuato Puebla Havana Lima Buenos Aires Cuzco Zacatecas Guadalajara Caracas Mérida Arequipa Oaxaca Guatemala City Huamanga Cochabamba La Paz Bogota Santiago PORTUGUESE Bahia Rio de Janeiro Pernambuco Ouro Preto ENGLISH Kingston 68 000 63 B o s t o 5 26 128 000 65 65 60 54 40 34 33 31 30 30 26 25 25 25 22 22 21 21 75 000 44 40 23 27 000 1850 over 40 000-with suburbs CANADA Montreal Quebec UNITED STATES New York Philadelphia Boston Baltimore New Orleans Cincinnati St.

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 Cities of the Americas over 20 000 800 1000 MIXTECS Tilantongo MIXTECS Tilantongo TOLTECS Tula Xochicalco Cholula Calixtlahuaca TOLTECS Tula Cholula Xochicalco Azcapotzalco ZAPOTECS Monte Alban MAYAS Chichén-Itza Uxmal MAYAS Copân Tikal Dzibalchaltun Piedras Negras Chichén-Itza 49 000 PERUVIAN STATES Tiahuanaco Chincha Vilcashuaman PERU Tiahuanaco Vilcashuaman Vinaque Tumbez 20 000 1300 1200 NORTHERN Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Azcapotzalco MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapàn Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco QUITO Quito NORTHERN Cahokia Etowah CHICHIMECS Cholula Texcoco Azcapotzalco CAPOTECS Mitla MAYAS Chichén-Itza Mayapän Uxmal QUITO Quito TUMBEZ Tiimbez CHIMOR Chanchan Moche CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla CHINCHA Chincha INCAS Cuzco Cities of the Americas 1500 1400 NORTHERN Cahokia CHICHIMECS Texcoco Cholula Tenochtitlân Azcapotzalco TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila QUICHES Utatlân MAYAS Mayapân Ticoh Mani Chakanputun QUITO Riobamba TUMBEZ Tumbez CHIMOR Chanchân CUISMANCU Cajamarquilla Rimac CHUQUIMANCU Chuquimancu CHINCHA Chincha INC AS Cuzco Pachacamac 70 000 25 000 40 000 40 000 NORTHERN Chillicothe AZTECS Tenochtitlân (Mexico City) Texcoco Tlaxcala Cholula TARASCANS Tzintzuntzân Pâtzcuaro ZAPOTECS Zaachila (Oaxaca) CAKCHIQUELS Utatlân Iximché MAYAS Ticoh Mani Chakanputun CHIBCHAS Bogota INCAS Cuzco Chanchân Quito Huânuco Pachacamac Cajamarquilla Huarcu Tumbez 80 000 60 40 36 40 000 60 000 24 25 000 22 20 45 000 40 30 25 25 1700 1600 SPANISH Potosi Mexico City Cuzco Puebla Guatemala City Tlaxcala Huancavelica 35 148 000 75 30 25 25 20 20 SPANISH Mexico City Potosi Oruro Puebla Lima Cuzco Zacatecas Quito Guatemala City Havana Huamanga Mérida PORTUGUESE Pernambuco Bahia Rio de Janeiro 100 000 95 72 63 37 35 30 30 30 25 25 20 24 000 24 20 Cities of the Americas 36 1750 BRITISH Boston Philadelphia SPANISH Mexico City Puebla Zacatecas Q j Z C0 Lima Potosi Oruro Guatemala City Havana Quito Guanajuato Arequipa Huamanga Mérida Oaxaca Guayaquil Guadalajara Cochabamba PORTUGUESE Ouro Pre to Bahia Mariana Pernambuco Rio de Janeiro 1800 20 000 20 UNITED STATES Philadelphia New York n 110 000 53 40 40 40 39 35 34 34 30 30 26 26 24 20 20 20 20 60 000 53 36 35 29 Baltimore SPANISH Mexico City Guanajuato Puebla Havana Lima Buenos Aires Cuzco Zacatecas Guadalajara Caracas Mérida Arequipa Oaxaca Guatemala City Huamanga Cochabamba La Paz Bogota Santiago PORTUGUESE Bahia Rio de Janeiro Pernambuco Ouro Preto ENGLISH Kingston 68 000 63 B o s t o 5 26 128 000 65 65 60 54 40 34 33 31 30 30 26 25 25 25 22 22 21 21 75 000 44 40 23 27 000 1850 over 40 000-with suburbs CANADA Montreal Quebec UNITED STATES New York Philadelphia Boston Baltimore New Orleans Cincinnati St.

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